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(Thursday January 8 2015)  The Committee tasked to vet the newly sworn in State Cabinet on Thursday in Juba while presenting their report to the State Assembly observed that there was misuse of State resources and the previous Cabinet in their Council of Ministers Meetings spent their time discussing Issues of Tuition Fee and other assistance other than discussing service delivery to the Citizens.

The Eight points Observations also indicates that most State Ministers complained of delay of their Policy statements in the State Ministry of Cabinet and Parliamentary Affairs.

‘’State Spending was not based on approved budgets,’’ reads the document. ‘’There is lack of Transparency and Accountability on public spending.’’

The report says that most of the Ministries Planned activities are not funded by the State Ministry of Finance and State recourses are misused to help all people of South Sudan.

The committee complains in their report that time given for them to vet was too short saying that some Ministers did not avail their documents for scrutiny.

The Eight member team recommends the August House to take its decisions promptly adding that the current Minister of Cabinet and Parliamentary Affairs should table the Policy Statements of the Ministries to the Assembly.

In their recommendations they say the State Ministry of Finance should follow approved Budget and set up resources mobilization to be able to meet budget implementation calling on the whole State government to be Accountable and Transparent to the people of the State in discharge of duties.

The document recommends the State Council of Ministers to be mindful of service delivery to the residents and come out of discussions based on assistance.


IMF Managing Director Proposes Appointment of Carla Grasso as Deputy Managing Director, Chief Administrative Officer



The Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Ms. Christine Lagarde,today announced her intention to appoint Ms. Carla Grasso to the position of Deputy Managing Director and Chief Administrative Officer.

The role of Chief Administrative Officer is new to the IMF. It was created to bring the Fund’s internal operational and administrative management to the level of excellence required by the organization’s unique role and responsibilities in the fast-changing global economy.

“Carla brings outstanding leadership, a strategic mindset, and strong operational management expertise to her new appointment. We conducted an extensive global search for this new and key position at the IMF. I am fully confident that we have found a terrific manager and leader to be part of our team,” Ms. Lagarde said.

Ms. Grasso, a dual national of Brazil and Italy, will start her work at the Fund on February 2. In her new role, she will oversee all the Fund’s administrative functions. She will coordinate the budget, human resources, technology, general services, and internal audit, in order to ensure the efficient, effective and comprehensive management of these functions, which are vital to the Fund’s overall effectiveness. She will also oversee the IMF’s capacity-building and training work.

Ms. Grasso’s professional experience spans both the private and public sectors. For fourteen years, she worked at Vale S.A., one of the world’s largest mining companies, serving as Vice President for Human Resources and Corporate Services from 2001 to 2011. During that time, she led efforts to modernize the company—with operations in 38 countries and involving 138,000 people—in the areas of human resources, IT, procurement, communications, and health and safety.

Before joining Vale S.A., Ms. Grasso served as Secretary of the Brazilian Supplementary Social Security Office from 1994 to 1997, and also held several positions as Advisor and Coordinator in the Ministries of Social Security, Finance, and Planning, as well as in the Office of the President of Brazil. She has also worked as a consultant for the World Bank, gaining experience with low-income countries, including on public expenditure reviews.

Ms. Grasso holds a Masters degree in Economic Policy from Universidade de Brasília and was Professor of International Economics and Monetary Economics at the Pontifical Catholic University of Brasília, and of Economy Mathematics at the Centro Universitário do Distrito Federal. In 2014, she was Professor of Business Education at Insper (Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa) in São Paulo.

South Sudan conflict could cost $158 billion over next 20 years –study


Nairobi, Wednesday January 14, 2015 – The price of failing to bring about lasting peace in South Sudan could be US$158bn over the next two decades, according to a new study. The conflict, which erupted in December 2013, has already killed tens of thousands and placed nearly a third of the population of the young country at risk of famine.

Released on the eve of two major summits in Ethiopia, the report, called South Sudan: The Cost of War, introduces empirical research that makes a compelling case for immediate action by South Sudan’s neighbours and African states to stop the fighting and avoid massive economic and financial costs.

The report quantifies the additional economic costs that would be incurred by South Sudan should the conflict continue beyond today. It takes into account declines in oil revenue and remittances and increases in military spending. It also looks at costs incurred in other countries in the region and at a global level.

The collaborators on the report, Frontier Economics, the Center for Conflict Resolution (CECORE) and the Centre for Peace and Development Studies (CPDS) at Juba University, have called on the African Union Peace and Security Council to publicly release the findings of the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan as soon as possible and to use those findings as the basis for imposing targeted individual sanctions such as asset freezes and travel bans.

“The Cost of War report shows there are severe economic costs that have not previously been known that must now be acknowledged. Next week at the AU summit in Addis Ababa, all Heads of African States must realize that South Sudan’s economy and our people simply cannot afford to forgo billions of dollars it will cost to endure five more years of conflict”, warned Dr Luka Biong Deng of CPDS.

“There can be no price tag on the suffering of South Sudan’s people from displacement, famine and death,” said Dr. Salim Ahmed Salim, former Prime Minister of Tanzania and Secretary-General of the Organisation of African Unity, writing in the foreword of the report. “But,” he continued, “it is possible to assess the direct economic costs by estimating the loss of productive assets and capital and the reduction in economic activity, and they are large.”

Key findings include:
•If the conflict continues for another one to five years, it will cost South Sudan between US$22.3 billion and $28 billion depending on its severity. However, if the effects are measured over twenty years to allow for flow-on effects, the loss is even greater: up to $158 billion.
•The human costs of conflict – death, hunger and disease – also have significant longer-term economic impacts. Just taking the effects of hunger on labour productivity could mean a further $6 billion in lost GDP if the conflict were to last another five years.
•The five countries considered in this report – Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda – could between them save up to $53 billion if the conflict were resolved within a year, rather than allowed to last for five years.
•If the conflict ended within one year rather than five, the international community could save an estimated $30 billion by reducing expenditure on peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance.

“The $3bn needed for the humanitarian response and peacekeeping in South Sudan in 2014 will pale into significance when compared to the cost if a peaceful solution is not found quickly,” said Amar Breckenridge of Frontier Economics. “The cost of war is too great for this region to bear. Peace is a humanitarian necessity but also an economic one for South Sudan and its neighbours – especially Uganda and Kenya, who quite literally cannot afford to allow this situation to continue.”

The conflict has already had a pronounced negative economic effect on South Sudan. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggested that real GDP will have declined by around 15% in 2014 – a dramatic turnaround from the previous year, when it had the fastest growth in real GDP in the world. Because much of South Sudan’s economic activity is informal, the true costs incurred to date are likely to be considerably greater.

“On the eve of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and African Union (AU) summits in Addis Ababa, we hope Africa’s leaders will finally come together to ensure there is not another year of conflict in South Sudan. In addition to saving lives, they need to save their economies billions of dollars. Otherwise South Sudan
risks becoming a failed state or even being the catalyst for a full blown regional conflict,” said Rose Othieno, Executive Director of CECORE in Uganda.

The key recommendations of South Sudan: the Cost of War include:

• The parties to the conflict must immediately implement the cessation of hostilities (COH) agreements they have signed.
• The AU Peace and Security Council should publicly release the report of the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan as soon as possible. This report should also be used as the basis for imposing targeted individual sanctions such as asset freezes and travel bans, as outlined in the IGAD resolutions of 7 November 2014.
• Those governments and groupings with influence over both main parties to the conflict, especially those in attendance at this month’s summits, should strategically and urgently use that influence to support the parties to resolve the conflict, in the interests of protecting civilians and securing a sustainable peace as soon as possible. The AU summit in particular is an opportunity to initiate the formation of an international contact group to help secure peace in South Sudan.
• The parties to the conflict must also commit to engaging in a meaningful dialogue between themselves and with a wide range of South Sudanese stakeholder groups to swiftly form a Government of National Unity.
• The Government of South Sudan should request international assistance from the African Union and United Nations to establish a hybrid court to try to the most serious crimes committed during the current conflict. The country should also embark on national reconciliation and healing processes that are owned and driven by communities so they respond to the circumstances in South Sudan.

Central Equatoria Government Describes Presidential Spokes Person Remarks Irresponsible, Unguided


Soba Samuel State  Minister of Information CES

Soba Samuel State Minister of Information CES

Central Equatoria State Minister of Information and official Spokes Person of the State government on Monday described South Sudan Presidential Spokes Person Ateny Wek Ateny remarks on the speech of Governor Clement Wani Konga while presiding over the swearing in of his Cabinet on Friday as irresponsible and Misguided.

Soba Samuel Manase told the media at a press Conference in the State Secretariat that Ateny Wek Ateny remarks published by Sudan Tribune describing the State Governor’s remarks as Irresponsible and Unfortunate are too Irresponsible and Misguided.

There is no value in joining this fight. It is the only chance the people of Equatoria coming together so as to bring an end to this war between Dinka and Nuer; statement attributed to the State Governor Wani Konga by Sudan Tribnue and provided by the State Spokes person to the Journalist reads.

A copy of Sudan Tribune report distributed at the press Conference quoted President Kirr’s Spokes Person Ateny Wek to have said, ‘’It is unfortunate Governor Clement Wani Konga had failed to know he is part of the government to make such irresponsible remarks. We believe the current war is not a war between the Dinka and Nuer but a war caused by people who want to change the government through unconstitutional means.’’

Soba Samuel Says his Governor’s statements can’t be put to test by Ateny Wek Ateny adding that Governor Wani is for peace and desire to see the current conflict ended.

‘’ Governor Clement Wani Konga is a man of peace and unity, this does not need explanation and more so he is the ardent supporter of constitutionalism, law and order.’’ Soba stresses. ‘’So the integrity, principle, and the resolve of H.E. the governor cannot be put to test by Comrade Ateny Wek Ateny.’’

The Minister explained that the Statement from his governor urging the people of Equatoria not to pick up arms comes from a leader who wants peace but not to complicate the situation.

He says Governor Wani was calling on his newly sworn in Ministers to work and advocate for peace.

Soba says if there is a statement from his Governor that is not pleasing, established Government Structures should be used to address and find out what went wrong instead of using the Media.

The State Minister of Information calls on the National Ministry of Information and Broadcasting to prioritize trainings and orientation to pressmen on how to handle Media.

Soba Urges the people of the State to not care about how the Governor was misquoted adding that the governor is working with President Kirr in realizing peace in the Country.

President Kiir relieves National Finance Minister


The President of South Sudan on Monday issued Presidential decree relieving the National Minister of Finance and Economic Planning Aggrey Tisa Sabuni.

Read on SSTV, the decree indicates that President Kiir appointed David Deng Athorbei as the Minister of Finance and Economic planning.

The President reappointed Aggrey Tisa as Presidential Advisor for Economic Affairs.

IMF Executive Board Completes Third PSI Review for Mozambique


imfJan/5/2015-The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) today completed the third review of Mozambique’s economic performance under the program supported by the Policy Support Instrument (PSI).[1] The Board’s decision was taken on a lapse of time basis.[2]

The PSI for Mozambique was approved by the Executive Board on June 24, 2013 (see Press Release No. 13/231)

Mozambique’s macroeconomic performance remains robust. Growth is forecast at 7.5 percent for 2014 with low inflation (12-month Maputo average through November was 2.4 percent) despite an expansionary and higher than programmed fiscal stance and reserve money running modestly above target. Performance under the PSI-supported program has been mixed—while all but one of the quantitative assessment criteria were met at end-June, there were some slippages during the second half of the year and some delays in implementing structural reforms.

The main short-term challenge is to maintain the growth momentum while preserving fiscal and debt sustainability. Fiscal consolidation needs to be initiated in the 2015 budget to restore prudent fiscal management. While low import prices have dampened inflation, the Bank of Mozambique should stay vigilant and adhere to its medium-term inflation target. Key structural reform priorities include improving VAT and overall tax administration, continuing public financial management reforms, strengthening institutional capacity to ensure transparent public investment management and borrowing, and enhancing the business environment and financial sector development. Completion of the contract negotiations for the production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a critical milestone for the launch of this project, one of the largest in sub-Saharan Africa.

Despite the heightened risks from an uncertain global outlook, growth is expected to remain strong and be broad-based in the medium term, boosted by the natural resource boom and infrastructure investment. Fiscal adjustment over the medium term will be essential to preserve debt sustainability and macroeconomic stability. This requires measures to contain current spending pressures while bringing investment to a more sustainable level. With foreign aid likely to decline over the medium term, Mozambique will need to borrow in order to provide additional resources for achieving targeted improvements in physical infrastructure and human capital. To ensure the efficiency of investment and borrowing, it is essential to further strengthen investment planning and implementation, as well as debt management. Structural reforms focusing on public financial management, monetary policy tools, banking supervision, and business facilitation should be implemented vigorously to sustain growth and render it more inclusive.

[1] The PSI is an instrument of the IMF designed for countries that do not need balance of payments financial support. The PSI helps countries design effective economic programs that, once approved by the IMF’s Executive Board, signal to donors, multilateral development banks, and markets the Fund’s endorsement of a member’s policies (see http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/psi.htm). Details on Mozambique’s PSI program are available at http://www.imf.org/mozambique.

[2] The Executive Board takes decisions under its lapse of time procedure when it is agreed by the Board that a proposal can be considered without convening formal discussions.

IMF Executive Board Completes First PSI Review for Tanzania


 The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund completed  the first review of Tanzania’s economic performance under the program supported by the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) and granted a waiver for the non-observance of the continuous assessment criterion on the non-accumulation of external arrears.

The PSI for Tanzania was approved by the Executive Board on July 16, 2014 (see Press Release No. 14/350). Tanzania’s program under the PSI supports the authorities’ medium-term objectives. These include: the maintenance of macroeconomic stability, the preservation of debt sustainability, and the promotion of more equitable growth and job creation.

Following the Board discussion, Mr. Min Zhu, Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chair, made the following statement:

“Macroeconomic developments in Tanzania remain favorable. Economic growth was strong during the first half of 2014 and is expected to remain close to 7 percent. Inflation remains in mid-single digits, consistent with the authorities’ target of 5 percent by June 2015.

“Performance under the Policy Support Instrument was satisfactory through June, but has deteriorated since and risks have risen, stemming from delays in disbursements of donor assistance and external nonconcessional borrowing, and shortfalls in domestic revenues. Against this backdrop, the authorities’ commitment to keep the program on track is welcome, and they have reaffirmed their intention to meet the budget deficit target and will review revenues and adjust expenditures accordingly in the context of the mid-year budget review. It will be critical to the business environment to address the governance issues raised by the IPTL case, which would also unlock donor assistance.

“It will be important to strengthen the coordination between fiscal and monetary policies. The conversion of monetary policy instruments to financing papers facilitated the front-loading of capital expenditures but complicated monetary policy implementation. It will be more effective and less disruptive to accommodate the planned expenditure through better planning to align spending and financing.

“The issue of domestic arrears, which continued to accumulate, needs to be addressed comprehensively and forcefully. Work to verify and eventually clear arrears to suppliers already incurred is ongoing. The authorities’ plan to prevent future arrears accumulation is appropriately ambitious and will require sustained implementation. Addressing arrears to pension funds and making government relations with them more transparent is also critical to their sustainability.”

The PSI is an instrument of the IMF designed for countries that do not need balance of payments financial support. The PSI helps countries design effective economic programs that, once approved by the IMF’s Executive Board, signal to donors, multilateral development banks, and markets the Fund’s endorsement of a member’s policies (seehttp://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/psi.htm). Details on Tanzania’s PSI program are available atwww.imf.org/tanzania.

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South Sudan’s CES reshuffle maintains Deputy Governor brings in new faces.


The governor of Central Equatoria State on Wednesday in Juba reshuffled his government issuing seven decrees relieving the state Cabinet retaining other Ministers.
Governor Clement Wani Konga relieved and reappointed his deputy Manase Lomole Waya in the same position.

He reshuffled Professor Scopas Dima Jibi from the position of Cabinet Minister bringing in the former Minister of Education Hastin Yokwe Anisio as Cabinet and Parliamentary Affairs Minister. Scopas Dima is now appointed as the General Managing Director for the Central Equatoria Insurance Regulatory Authority.

Professor Ladu Bureng was removed from the Finance and Economic Planning Ministry and appointed as Commissioner General for Central Equatoria Insurance Regulatory Authority while the former Commissioner of Yei River County Juma David Augustine brought in to sit on Bureng’s former seat.

Governor Wani Konga replaced Joseph Kulang John with the former Manager of Central Equatoria State Investment Authority Benjamin Goro Gimba to fill the State Ministry of Commerce Industry, Mining and Investment. Joseph Kulang is now the General Managing Director for Central Equatoria Magi Insurance.

Soba Samuel Manase retained his seat as the Minister of Information, Broadcasting and Tourism while Dr Jimmy Wongo the former minister of Physical Infrastructure and Rural Water moved out from the Cabinet and David Lokonga relived from the State Ministry of Culture, Antiquities Youth and Sports to put on Dr Jimmy’s Shoes however Dr Jimmy got a new seat as the General Managing Director for Central Equatoria Investment.

Governor Wani made the ministries of Agriculture and forestry, Animals Resources and Fisheries, the Ministry of Local Government and Law Enforcement, Ministry of Gender and Social Development, the Ministry of Cooperatives and Rural Development and the Ministry of Labour, Public Services have no new blood by retaining Professor Jacob Lupai, Dr Gada James Killa, Gerald Francis Nyukuye, Mary APayi Ayiga, Michael John Kanga and Lily Kapuki Paul Jurukin respectively.

The Ministry of Health, Sanitation and Environment got new face, Dr Felix Lado Johnson and the former Minister of Health Dr Emmanuel Iga Baya moved in new appointment as the Health Advisor to the State government.

The Governor brought Dr Gambu Wani Latio from the Position of General Managing Director of Central Equatoria Magi Insurance to be the current Minister of Education and Technology while Stephen Ladu Onesimo the former Commissioner General of Central Equatoria Insurance Regulatory Authority whose shoes taken by Professor Ladu Bureng is now the State Minister of Culture, Antiquities Youth and Sports.