In the face of the highest maternal mortality ratio in the world, the Government of the Republic of South Sudan is committed to providing comprehensive and integrated Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services in line with the recommendations of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) 1994. The ICPD underscores the need for countries to meet the reproductive health needs of individuals and couples, throughout the life-cycle, as a key approach to improving the quality of life of people and stabilising the world population. The Republic of South Sudan also recognises the AU’s Maputo Plan of Action which advocates for integrated Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). With the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005 the Ministry of Health, through the Department of Reproductive Health has been putting in place systems and mechanisms for coordinating the integration, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of the SRH services at all levels nationally. This National Reproductive Health Strategic Plan is expected to provide the national framework for the promotion and implementation of reproductive health programmes and delivery of services in South Sudan. The ultimate aim of the Strategic Plan is to provide guidance for strengthening reproductive health interventions and facilitate the attainment of improved health, well-being, and overall quality of life of all people in the country. This Strategic Plan is a clear demonstration of the commitment of the government of South Sudan to the achievement of the ICPD goals in the youngest country in Africa. The Strategic Plan is also aligned to South Sudan’s national commitments and development goals as stated in the country’s Development Plan 2011-2013. This Strategic Plan was developed through a highly participatory and consultative process involving several individuals and diverse groups of stakeholders at various levels across the country. The Director Generals of Health and their staff from all the 10 States of the country were consulted and they contributed to the process. The Strategic Plan therefore represents the aspirations of the people and government of the Republic of South Sudan to achieve an improved reproductive health status. As we move forward, we sincerely encourage everyone – all South Sudanese, NonGovernmental Organisations, and development partners to actively support the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the this Strategic Plan and ensure that the national goals for reproductive health are achieved within the desired time period.