Start thinking of Fruit trees

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This year  is ending though we as South Sudanese are undergoing hard times, due to conflict, but with enough food conflict may reduce.

Therefore as South Sudanese start thinking of the type of food crop that you need to plant. I believe that the more fruits we as South Sudanese plant  the better our future. Plant any fruit and Make South Sudan sweet like the fruits you like. What are those fruits that you like? Where are you buying them from? Do you think you do not know how to plant them? How would your area look like if you plant them?  If one South Sudanese Plant one fruit tree a year, how many trees we will have in 10 years and how much more we would make compared to the oil?

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UN CALLS FOR IMMEDIATE ACCESS TO CONFLICT-AFFECTED AREAS TO PREVENT CATASTROPHE IN SOUTH SUDAN

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3.9 million people now face severe hunger; tens of thousands on brink of famine

 JUBA -22 October 2015– Three UN agencies today warned that extreme hunger is pushing people to the brink of a catastrophe in parts of South Sudan, as a new analysis found that 3.9 million people nationwide now face severe food insecurity.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP) called on the parties to the conflict to grant urgent and unrestricted access to Unity State, where a newly released Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis shows that at least 30 000 people are living in extreme conditions and are facing starvation and death.  Since the war in South Sudan started nearly two years ago, it is the first time that an IPC analysis has found any parts of the population in phase five (“catastrophe”) on the five-point IPC scale.

“This is the start of the harvest and we should be seeing a significant improvement in the food security situation across the country, but unfortunately this is not the case in places like southern Unity State, where people are on the edge of a catastrophe that can be prevented,” said WFP Country Director Joyce Luma. “The people of South Sudan need peace, nutritious food and other humanitarian assistance and livelihood support to survive and rebuild their lives,” she added.

Unless unrestricted humanitarian access is urgently granted, the agencies said, food insecurity could deteriorate to famine in parts of Unity State, where humanitarian assistance has been hampered by the dreadful violence and lack of access in recent months. Some displaced families say they survive on just one meal a day consisting of only fish and water lilies.

“Since fighting broke out nearly two years ago, children have been plagued by conflict, disease, fear and hunger,” said Jonathan Veitch, UNICEF Representative in South Sudan. “Their families have been extraordinary in trying to sustain them, but have now exhausted all coping mechanisms. Agencies can support, but only if we have unrestricted access. If we do not, many children may die.”

Throughout the country, the IPC analysis indicates that 3.9 million people in South Sudan face severe hunger. Although the number of food insecure households has decreased – as expected – during the harvest season, it is almost 80 percent higher than in the same period last year, as even people living in states not directly affected by the conflict struggle with its  long-term effects, erratic rainfall, depleted livelihood options, high food prices, fuel costs and inflation, in a generally degraded economic environment.

In addition, the IPC highlights that the overall nutrition situation remains critical, with Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) among children under 5 above the emergency threshold in the conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity in September, and high in Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Warrap throughout the year. The high prevalence is attributed to inadequate food consumption, poor maternal and child feeding practices, illnesses and limited delivery of health and nutrition services.

The three agencies – which work on food security and nutrition – warned that the dire economic situation in the country is contributing to record-high food prices that significantly affect families’ purchasing power and worsening levels of food insecurity. Even areas previously unaffected are now showing signs of severe deterioration, with large proportions of the population in Greater Bahr el Ghazal states in food security crisis.

“Livelihoods have been severely affected by high inflation rates, market disruption, conflict-related displacement, and loss of livestock and agricultural production, said Serge Tissot, the Head of FAO in South Sudan.

“In addition, looking forward to the completion of the 2015 cropping season by  the end of the year, a below average cereal production is expected in Uganda the Sudan and Ethiopia, which will further aggravate the food import bill in South Sudan. By creating ways to support crop, livestock and fish producers the resilience of these communities will be strengthened,” he added.

UNICEF, WFP and FAO, together with other UN and NGO partners, are reaching millions of people with lifesaving food, nutrition aid and emergency livelihood kits. The rapid response missions channel assistance to many remote areas otherwise cut from humanitarian relief. Quick support for local food production contributes to the longer-term food security of the most affected people.

The agencies called on the international community to provide the resources needed to sustain and expand those lifesaving efforts.

Bishop Loku attributes South Sudan instability to stubbornness

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The Auxiliary Bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Juba on Sunday while confirming 157 children at St John Chapel, Sacred Heart of Jesus-Kworijik Parish observes that South Sudan is suffering due to the stubborn nature of people.
Bishop Santo Loku Pio says majority of inmates in Juba Prisons with charges of robbery and sorcery are bearers of baptism names as Christians, yet they continue doing evil, Radio Bakhita reported.
He challenges the church goers to practise exemplary life at all levels beginning from family to realize national stability.
Sacred Heart of Jesus-Kworijik Parish Priest Clement Tombe Masimino says the new conferees have been built up in confirmation sacrament as mature Christians ready to proclaim the word of God.

Historian says creation of 28 states complicates boundary disputes

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Sudan and South Sudan history expert says recent studies indicate that within the ten post-2005 CPA states, there have been boundaries’ disputes that would become more difficult to resolve with the creation of 28 states.
Dr Douglas H. Johnson in a brief analysis of the boundaries of 28 states says there is no clear pattern in the designation of the new states.
He explains that some new state boundaries run along the old provincial lines while others follow 1956 Districts and 1960 Rural Councils and some with outright annexations.
Dr Douglas observes that the principle of ethnic federalism has not been consistently applied; raising more questions than answers in the creation such as why were Jur and Bongo of Wulu County retained within Western Lakes State’ s Dinka and why Wulu could not be given separate state like Cueibet from Rumbek Counties.
The historian wonders what population census President Salva Kiir used to determine the accurate representation of each state and county given several displacements all over the country.

Wanawilla seeks amendment of constitution to accommodate 28-state decree

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The Minister of Justice, Paulino Wanawilla, has presented a bill in the National Legislative Assembly to amend the transitional constitution 2011 to increase the number of states from 10 to 28.

President Salva Kiir issued an order early this month, splitting the states.

While presenting the bill to the national parliament this morning, Mr Wanawilla told the national legislature this morning that the constitution has to be amended to meet what he calls new extension of decentralized system of governance.

“Since the President of the Republic has responded to the popular demand for further decentralization by creating more states, bringing the number of states in the Republic of South Sudan to 28 states, it is, therefore, necessary that certain articles of the transitional constitution 2011 are amended to meet this new extension of the decentralized system of Government,” Mr Wanawilla.

After the presentation, Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly, Manasse Magok Rondial, referred the bill to the committee of legislation and legal affairs.

Hon Magok said the two committees of justice and human rights will assist in scrutinizing the bill.

He said the committees will report to the legislature within 30 days.

The amendment comes days after the National Alliance (of political parties) petitioned the Supreme Court to stop the implementation of the order and declare it as invalid.

http://eyeradio.org/wanawilla-seeks-amendment-constitution-accommodate-28-state-decree/

South Sudan’s Unknown gun men

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Many South Sudanese  are asking the Question ”When will these unknown gunmen be known?” This question comes amid rising level of killings that ordinary citizen may not understand.

For many times Citizens have been losing lives either on the streets of  South Sudan Towns or the roads leading to these towns. Once some one is attacked or sometimes killed the news comes with the name ”UNKNOWN GUN MEN”  did so. These unknown gunmen act sometimes at night or during a broad day light. Either on the road or at home. Either on the roads in the towns or roads leading out side the towns to other towns. The lastest incident was reported in South Sudan Central Equatoria Lainya County. According to Catholic Radio Network CRN, Unknown gunmen on Monday attacked a business land cruiser vehicle in Kenyi Payam of Lainya County in Central Equatoria State killing one person, capturing 6 before they were released and that three other travelers were still missing. – See more at: http://catholicradionetwork.org/?q=node/18978#sthash.N

Do you think those who say the People are killed or attacked by unknown gun men are right or wrong? If it is you who is to give information regarding these People to the Media who would you say attacked or killed some one who became victim of such incidents?

Today be a government official imagine you have received an information about an incident of this kind and Media Personnel approached you for details of who attacked or killed. Remember you were in your office when the incident happened.

South Sudan: the Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision for 2030.

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JUBA, 12 October 2015 –South Sudan today marked the fourth anniversary of the International Day of the Girl under the global theme ‘The Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision for 2030’ with a call to UN agencies, governments and other stakeholders to redouble efforts to empower adolescent girls as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Adolescent girls globally are among the most marginalized and neglected groups.  Many are subjected to child marriage, unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and gender-based violence, all of which have lifelong consequences. During times of conflict and disaster, adolescent girls are among the most vulnerable and at risk of exploitation, abuse, rape and other forms of violence.

Though many gender disparities have decreased for young girls and adult women over the years, gaps continue to widen for adolescent girls. Millions of adolescent girls are excluded from quality education, access to media and information technology and without information about puberty and reproductive health.

The statistics tell part of the story. An adolescent girl in South Sudan is three times more likely to die in childbirth than complete primary school.  Only seven per cent of girls in the country currently complete the eight-year primary school cycle while only 1.6 per cent of over 420,000 girls between the ages of 14-17 years, who complete primary school, enrol in secondary school (Education Management Information System (EMIS) 2013).

“The Girls’ Education strategy that was recently launched is already our roadmap to empower our girls to make sure they come out of the troubles they are facing and ensure that we increase enrolment, retention and completion among our girls and to equip young girls who are out of school with the necessary life skills,” said the Deputy Minister of Education, Science and Technology,” Honourable Bol Makueng Yuol.

According to UNICEF, adolescent girls need to be recognized as a distinct group where services and programmes are targeted to the age-specific needs of girls from 10 to 19.  In addition, interventions must address the disadvantages adolescent girls face including harmful practices by families, communities and policymakers that perpetuate gender discrimination by assigning adolescent girls to sexual, domestic and caregiving roles.

“Investing in the health and education of adolescent girls is one of the best investments in the future – for everyone,” said UNICEF’s Representative in South Sudan, Mr. Jonathan Veitch. “An educated girl is less likely to get married early, is more likely to have her own children educated and kept healthy, and she is better equipped to break what is often a vicious cycle of poverty.”

With age-specific investments, interventions, policies and programmes, adolescent girls can be empowered to forge a new future for themselves and the world. These efforts must include investment in education, skills training and access to information technology. In addition, menstrual hygiene management, HIV education and reproductive health services are essential. Programmes and investments must also combat attitudes and behaviours – child marriage, early pregnancies and sexual violence – that endanger girls and impede their empowerment and progress.

The Government of South Sudan with support from UN agencies and other partners are continuously trying to empower adolescent girls by developing policies and by providing cash transfers to girls to offset the cost of education and capitation grants to schools that can increase enrolment, retention and completion for girls in order to reduce the gender disparity.

UNESCO recommends South Sudan to establish Internet Society

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United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization or UNESCO in partnership with Collaboration on International ICT Policy in East and South Africa or CIPESA recommends South Sudan to establish Internet Society with their support.

Security Council pushes for use of drones in S Sudan

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The UN Security Council has requested Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to allow the peacekeeping mission in South Sudan to use unarmed drones.

It made the call on Friday after adopting a resolution that extends the mandate of the UNMISS for two months.

13 members of the Council voted in favor of the extension in absence of two countries; Russia and Venezuela.

The members say the complete deployment of UN personnel with tactical military helicopters and unarmed unmanned aerial systems will enable its military and police strength.

It says a review of the mandate should be conducted within 45 days.

The Security Council also called on Ki-moon to make available technical assistance for setting up a hybrid court in South Sudan.

It also expressed its intentions to consider targeted sanctions on those who obstruct peace in the country. Eye radio reported

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs welcome the extension of UNMISS mandate, but says the government will not allow use of drone by the peacekeeping force.

“The mandate of the UNMISS should be passed based on the principle of what is in the said agreement which states the protection of the civil population and the capacity building of our people,” said Amb Mawien Makol, Spokesperson.

“So any other unilateral declaration or anything of course will not be accepted here.”

The UN Security Council demanded that the government to comply with the Status of Forces Agreement with UNMISS.

On Friday, the UN complained that its peacekeeping patrol unit was manhandled by SPLA soldiers on the outskirt of Juba, an allegation the government could not deny or confirm.

The Council also called on all parties not to hinder access of relief personnel and delivery of humanitarian assistance.

EU asks Kiir to reverse decision to create 28 states

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The European Union Delegation to South Sudan has urged President Salva Kiir not to proceed with the republican order to split the ten states into 28.

The President split the states in a republican order last Friday. Eyeradio reported

In a joint statement, the spokespersons of the High Representatives of the EU to South Sudan say the order is against the peace agreement.

“The announcement by President Salva Kiir of the presidential order to replace the 10 existing states with 28 new states goes against the spirit and the letter of the Peace agreement signed by the Government of South Sudan on August 26,” partly read the statement.

Vice-President Federica Mogherini and Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, say the agreement provides for such decisions to be addressed in the making of the permanent constitution.

“The Peace agreement was endorsed by both the President and the opposition at the High Level meeting chaired by the UN Secretary General on September 29 in New York. It is by the timely implementation of the agreement that the parties to the conflict will be judged.”

The process would be overseen by the transitional government of national unity.

The delegation cautioned that the parties to the conflict will be judged by their timely implementation of the agreement.

The spokespersons also condemned the resumption of hostilities in Unity State and urged the SPLM in Opposition to engage timely in the implementation of security arrangements.

They say that only a genuine and concerted effort by the leaders of South Sudan will bring an end to the suffering of the South Sudanese people and renew their hope for a peaceful future.